Ridge gourd is a very important Indian vegetable crop and it can be grown throughout the year. Ridge gourd belongs to cucurbitaceae family . The Ridge gourd vegetable in green stage and leaves with stem are used as vegetable.it is very famous vegetable in south and east India.
Sirola (Gujarati ), Dodka ( Marathi), Beerakaya (Telugu), Turai (Hindi), Peerkankai (Tamil), Heerekayi (Kannada), peechanga (Malayalam).
Ridge gourd thrives very well in a warm and hot climate, the ideal temperature for Ridge gourd cultivation is 25° to 35°C.
:- Ridge gourd can be grown in wide variety of soils. But it grows best in sandy loamy soils. The soil or main field should be prepared thoroughly by 4 to 5 ploughings and soil pH range from 6.5 to 7.5 is ideal for Ridge gourd cultivation. This vegetable crop requires good drainage. Better yield and quality of vegetable can be expected by applying organic matter or Farm Yield Manure (FMY).
Before sowing, seeds should be treated with Pseudomonas fluorescens 10 grams or Trichoderma viride 4 grams / kg of seeds.
The Ridge gourd seed is sowing time depends on the type of crop. Usually Ridge gourd Plantation spreads during January and July.
An average seed rate in Ridge gourd farming is about 5 kg to 6 kg / ha.
Methods of Sowing and Spacing
The Ridge gourd seeds are sown by dibbling method at 1.5 m to 2.0 m X 1.0 m to 1.5 m. Sow 3 seeds in each pit. After germination, thin to 2 healthy seedlings. The seeds also can be sown in poly bags. 2 seeds per bag is ideal and 2 weeks after germination, they can be planted at 2 seedlings per pit in the main field.
During the early stage of plant growth, shallow cultivation is preferred. The plants should be provided a suitable support made of bamboo sticks for better creeping.
Manure and Fertilizers
40 to 50 cartload well decomposed Farm Yard Manure should be applied at the time of soil or field preparation. Apply a fertilizer dose of 250:100:100 kg NPK / ha throughout the Ridge gourd cropping period through split application.
Water the basin before dibbling the seeds and afterwards, once in a week. Drip watering is most beneficial in the Ridge gourd cultivation. The summer plantation requires frequent watering at an interval of 3 to 4 days. Normally rainy season crop does not require any irrigation.
The Ridge gourd become ready for harvest from 45 to 60 days of sowing depending on the Varity. Cut the full grown ridge gourd with knife and this can be done weekly.
Depending upon the soil and management , the average yield of 70 to 90 quintal / ha can be expected.